Die Bedeutung von Sicherheit in der Psychotherapie


  • Martin Podolan Sigmund Freud University




Obwohl die Bedeutung von Sicherheit in der Psychotherapie einer der wenigen Bereiche zu sein scheint, in denen nahezu ein Konsens besteht, hat die Bedeutung dieses Konstrukts in der psychotherapeutischen Literatur keine systematische Aufmerksamkeit erhalten. In diesem Beitrag wird versucht, den Begriff der Sicherheit aus linguistischer und psychotherapeutischer Sicht zu definieren. Während der vorliegende Beitrag zu dem Schluss kommt, dass es keinen systematischen Konsens darüber gibt, wie Sicherheit zu definieren ist, wird versucht, Sicherheit in ihrer Natur als vielfältig, facettenreich, multimodal und multidimensional zu definieren. So wird aufgezeigt, dass Sicherheit positiv (z.B. Ruhe, Komfort) oder negativ (z.B. Nachlässigkeit, Gleichgültigkeit) sein kann, oder dass sie mit anderen Lebensbereichen verwoben sein kann (z.B. Vertrauensgewissheit, Kontrolle, etc.), oder dass sie als ein Ziel definiert werden kann, das wir erreichen müssen (z.B., wenn wir uns in Gefahr oder Schmerz befinden), als Quelle der Heilung (z.B. wenn wir besänftigt oder umsorgt werden) oder als Basis oder Plattform (z.B. wenn wir spielen, erforschen und uns auf verletzliches Material einlassen). Schlussendlich kann dargelegt werden, dass Sicherheit ein nahezu unergründliches Paradoxon und Phänomen ist, das darauf abzielt, das Überleben mit allen Mitteln zu sichern, die alle Aspekte unseres Lebens durchdringen.


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